Patient dose in image guided radiotherapy: Monte Carlo study of the CBCT dose contribution

Salvatore Leotta, Ernesto Amato, Nicola Settineri, Emilia Basile, Antonio Italiano, Lucrezia Auditore, Anna Santacaterina, Stefano Pergolizzi

Abstract


Image Guided RadioTherapy (IGRT) is a technique whose diffusion is growing thanks to the well-recognized gain in accuracy of dose delivery. However, multiple Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT) scans add dose to patients, and its contribution has to be assessed and minimized. Aim of our work was to evaluate, through Monte Carlo simulations, organ doses in IGRT due to CBCT and therapeutic MV irradiation in head-neck, thorax and pelvis districts. We developed a Monte Carlo simulation in GAMOS (Geant4-based Architecture for Medicine-Oriented Simulations), reproducing an Elekta Synergy medical linac operating at 6 and 10 MV photon energy, and we set up a scalable anthropomorphic model. After a validation by comparison with the experimental quality indexes, we evaluated the average doses to all organs and tissues belonging to the model for the three cases of irradiated district. Scattered radiation in therapy is larger than that diffused by CBCT by one to two orders of magnitude.

Keywords


Image Guided Radiotherapy; Monte Carlo; GAMOS; Geant4; organ dose

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1478/AAPP.961A3

Copyright (c) 2018 Ernesto Amato, Salvatore Leotta, Nicola Settineri, Emilia Basile, Antonio Italiano, Lucrezia Auditore, Anna Santacaterina, Stefano Pergolizzi

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.