Corneal dystrophy in a cocker spaniel dog: a case report

Monica Ragusa, Michela Pugliese, Domenico Britti, Ernesto Palma, Antonio Pugliese

Abstract


A 1-year-old female Cocker Spaniel dog was examined at the ophthalmology service of the Veterinary Teaching Hospital - University of Messina (Italy) for evaluation of symmetrical white spots in both corneas and “red eyes”. Dog was clinically healthy, haematological and biochemical examination were unremarkable, Leishmania PCR was negative. After a complete ophthalmic examination, the clinical diagnosis was corneal stromal dystrophy with uveitis-induced. In dogs, corneal stromal dystrophy is a primary, inherited, bilateral opacity of the corneanot associated with ocular inflammation or systemic disease. Detailed description of corneal dystrophy are available only for few breeds. This lesion is not progressive and treatment is not usually recommended unless vision is impaired or the deposits become irritating.

Keywords


cornea; dystrophy; inherited; eye; dog

Full Text:

PDF

References


Cooley, P.L., Dice, P.F(1990) Corneal dystrophy in the dog and cat. Vet Clin North Am 20:681-692.

Crispin, S.M.(1988) Crystalline corneal dystrphy in the dog: histochemical and ultrastructural study. Cornea,7,149-161.

Crispin, S.M., Barnett,C.(1983) Dystrophy, degeneration and infiltration of the canine cornea. J Small AnimPract; 24:63–83

Elkins, M., Warring, G.O., Harris, R.R. (1980) Oval lipid corneal opacities in beagles part II. J Am AnimHosp Ass16,601-605.

MacMillan, A., Warring, G.O., Spangler, W.L., Roth, A.M. (1979) Crystalline corneal opacities in the Siberian husky. J Am Vet Med Ass. 175,829-832.

Morrin, A., Warring, G.O., Spangler, W.L.,(1982) Oval lipid corneal opacities in Beagles: ultrastructure of the abnormal Beagle cornea. Am J Vet Resear, 43,443-453

Rubin, L.F.(1989) Inherited Eye Diseases in Purebred Dogs. Baltimore, MD: Willams and Wilkins.

Spangler, W.L., Warring, G.O., Morrin, A.(1982) Ovallipid corneal opacities in Beagles: V. Ultrastructure. Vet Comp Ophthalmol19,150-159.

Warring, G.O., MacMillan, A., Reveles, O.(1986) Inheritance of crystalline cernealdystrophy in Siberian Huskies. J Am AnimHospit Ass, 22, 655-658.

ACVO Genetics Commitee 2014 11. Gwin, R. M., Cunningham D. E., Shaver R. P. (1983) Posterior polymorphous dystrophy of the cornea in Cocker Spaniel: preliminary clinical & specular microscopic findings. Trans. Am. Coll. Vet. Ophthalmol. 14, 154-164.

Crispin, S.M. (1987) Lipid keropathy in the dog. In : The Veterinary Annual ( Grunsel, C.S.G., Hill, F.W.G. &Raw, M.E.), 27th issue, pp. 196-208.Bristol: John Wright and Sons.

Summers,J.F, O’Neill, D.G., Church, D.B., Thomson, P.C., McGreevy P.D., Brodbelt D.C. (2015) Prevalence of disorders recorded in Cavalier King Charles Spaniel attending primary-care veterinary practices in England. Canine Genetics and Epidemiology;2:4.

Whitely, D.(1991) Canine cornea. In. Gelatt KN, editor. Vet Ophthalmol 2nd ed. Pages 307-356

Balicki, I., Trbolova, A. (2010),Clinical evaluation of tacrolimus eye drops for chronic superficial keratitis treatment in dogs.bull vet instpulawy 54, 251-258

Whitley R.D., GilgerB.C.(1999) Diseases of the canine cornea and sclera. In:VetOphthalmol, 3rd edn. (ed. Gelatt KN) Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia; 655–663;

Glaze M.B.(1997) Ophthalmic disease and its management. Vet Clin North Am: Small AnimPract; 27:1505–152




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.6092/1828-6550/APMB.105.2.2017.A7

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Monica Ragusa, Michela Pugliese, Domenico Britti, Ernesto Palma, Antonio Pugliese

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.