Caloi, L. and Malatesta, A. and Palombo, M.R. (1989) Biogeografia della Calabria meridionale durante il quaternario. Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti Classe FF.MM.NN., 67. pp. 261-278.
Close relationships between some Pleistocene endemic mammals of Calabria and Sicily show that the utmost end of the Italian peninsula must have been connected with Sicily sometimes during the Pleistocene. On the other hand biogeographical data show that endemisms common to southern Calabria and Sicily are at present represented among animals and plants, while the range of many peninsular species ends before reaching the Serre mountains in Calabria. The data on one hand confirm the dose paleobiogeographical relationships between Calabria extremity and Sicily, on the other suggest the temporary appearance of a natural barrier not very far from Northern Aspromonte. Recent stratigraphical and structural studies on the formations outcropping in the «Fossa di Catanzaro» show that during the Pleistocene the southernmost end of Calabria kept apart from the Italian peninsula for more or less long intervals.
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