Messanae Universitas Studiorum

Skeletal muscle adaptatility in the horse: significance for performance and locomotion

Lopez Rivero, José-Luis (1996) Skeletal muscle adaptatility in the horse: significance for performance and locomotion. Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti - Classe di Scienze Medico-Biologiche, LXXXIV (1). pp. 5-17.

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    Abstract

    This presentation describes characteristics of equine skeletal muscle fibre types in relation with their potential role in performance and kinematic characteristics. Equine skeletal muscles are composed by fibres with different metabolic and contractile properties. Histochemical fibre typing has proven useful in numerous studies in horses concerned with structure-function relationships. More recently, immunohistochemical and electrophoretic methods have established a relationship between histochemical fibre types and their myosin heavy chain content. Muscle is a tissue which displays a great deal of plasticity, in that it can generally adapt to the varying demands placed on it. Several studies suggest that not only hereditary factors are significant but that certain environmental stimuli are also important in the establishment of the fibre type composition of equine muscle. Some other studies justify the attempt to select (or reject) horses using muscle fibre type composition as a criterion. In young Andalusian horses exercised in a working trot, a significant negative correlation was seen between the duration of the stance phase of the stride and diameter of fibre types. Conversely, the stride frequency was correlated positively with the fibre sizes. These correlations indicate that the locomotor pattern of the horse may be partly dependent on muscle fibre properties.

    Item Type: Article
    Subjects: M.U.S. - Miscellanea > Atti Accademia Peloritana > Classe di Scienze Fisiche, Matematiche e Naturali > 1996
    M.U.S. - Miscellanea > Atti Accademia Peloritana > Classe di Scienze Medico-Biologiche > 1996
    M.U.S. - Miscellanea > Atti Accademia Peloritana > Classe di Scienze Giuridiche, Economiche e Politiche > 1996
    M.U.S. - Miscellanea > Atti Accademia Peloritana > Classe di Lettere, Filosofia e belle Arti > 1996
    Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
    Depositing User: Dr PP C
    Date Deposited: 04 Apr 2013 10:27
    Last Modified: 04 Apr 2013 10:27
    URI: http://cab.unime.it/mus/id/eprint/3175

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