Mesoscopic non-equilibrium thermodynamics

Rubi, José Miguel (2008) Mesoscopic non-equilibrium thermodynamics. Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti, Classe di Scienze FF.MM.NN, LXXXVI (Supplement 1). ISSN 1825-1242

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Abstract

Basic concepts like energy, heat, and temperature have acquired a precise meaning after the development of thermodynamics. Thermodynamics provides the basis for understanding how heat and work are related and with the general rules that the macroscopic properties of systems at equilibrium follow. Outside equilibrium and away from macroscopic regimes most of those rules cannot be applied directly. In this paper we present recent developments that extend the applicability of thermodynamic concepts deep into mesoscopic and irreversible regimes. We show how the probabilistic interpretation of thermodynamics together with probability conservation laws can be used to obtain kinetic equations describing the evolution of the relevant degrees of freedom. This approach provides a systematic method to obtain the stochastic dynamics of a system directly from the knowledge of its equilibrium properties. A wide variety of situations can be studied in this way, including many that were thought to be out of reach of thermodynamic theories, such as non-linear transport in the presence of potential barriers, activated processes, slow relaxation phenomena, and basic processes in biomolecules, like translocation and stretching.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: M.U.S. - Contributi Scientifici > 02 - Scienze fisiche
M.U.S. - Miscellanea > Atti Accademia Peloritana > Classe di Scienze Fisiche, Matematiche e Naturali
Depositing User: Mr Nunzio Femminò
Date Deposited: 28 Jan 2008
Last Modified: 13 Apr 2010 11:16
URI: http://cab.unime.it/mus/id/eprint/469

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