Messanae Universitas Studiorum

Computer-Aided Diagnosis System for the Identification Carotid Atherosclerosis

Sottile, Fabrizio and Marino, Silvia and Bramanti, Placido and Bonanno, Lilla (2017) Computer-Aided Diagnosis System for the Identification Carotid Atherosclerosis. In: Atti della Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti - II Classe di Scienze Medico-Biologiche. Accademia Peloritana dei Pericolanti, Messina, pp. 19-28. ISBN 978-88-85864-02-3

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Abstract

Carotid atherosclerosis represents one of the most important cause of brain stroke. The degree of stenosis is up to now considered one of the most important features for determining the risk of brain stroke. Ultrasound (US) is a non-invasive technique, relatively inexpensive, portable, which has an excellent temporal resolution. Computer-Aided Diagnosis (CAD) has became one of the major research field in medical imaging and diagnostic radiology. This work presents a CAD system, an automatic prototype software used for carotid plaque detection. We studied US images of 44 subjects, 22 subjects with carotid artery stenosis and 22 subjects without carotid artery stenosis. The CAD system automatically performed the following processing steps: registration of images, detection of lesions by a segmentation method using Watershed algorithm, extraction of dynamic and morphologic features, and classification of plaques through Cluster Analysis. Investigations has been carried out on 287 suspect regions including 61 plaques and 226 non-plaques cases. The area under the Receiver Operationg Characteristic (ROC) curve was 0.89. The experimental results also show that the proposed methods is feasible, and have a good agreement with the expert neurologist. Without the need of any user-interaction, the proposed method generates a detection out-put that may be useful in second opinion.

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Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: M.U.S. - Miscellanea > Atti Accademia Peloritana > Classe di Scienze Medico-Biologiche > 2013
M.U.S. - Miscellanea > Atti Accademia Peloritana > Classe di Scienze Medico-Biologiche
Depositing User: Mr Nunzio Femminò
Date Deposited: 18 Jan 2018 15:24
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2018 15:26
URI: http://cab.unime.it/mus/id/eprint/5249

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