Messanae Universitas Studiorum

Open Science for a shared and collaborative knowledge

Alosi, Benedetta and Bonanno, Giuseppe and Costanzo, Carlo and Femmino', Nunzio (2018) Open Science for a shared and collaborative knowledge. In: The Five years of MJCP. Mediterranean Journal of Clinical Psychology (6, S1). University of Messina, Messina, pp. 76-91. ISBN ISSN 2282-1619

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The conventional model of “Scholarly communication”, based on the publication in "tall access" journals and by preference in high-Impact Factor journals, has distorted over time, if not betrayed, its original vocation, that is to "communicate" science. The year 1665 is often cited, being the year of birth of the Journal des Sçavans in France and of Philosophical Transactions in England, published by Henry Oldenburg to present advances in scientific research to members of the Royal Society. It is the founding date of the first scientific journals and marks the starting point of the privileged circuit for sharing scientific knowledge and encouraging the so-called "Great Conversation" of science. This debate among scientists should be the true essence and the raison d’être of Scholarly Communication. Since then, unfortunately, academic publishing has turned into a real business, "the most profitable obsolete technology in history", dominated by the "Big Five", a cartel of the five publishing groups (Reed Elsevier, Wiley- Blackwell, Springer, Taylor & Francis, Sage) which rank in the highest positions in the international scientific publishing market, both in terms of profit margins (38% of Reed Elsevier's net profit), and the number of articles published every year, with a price spiral in subscription costs that peaked at 402% for the period 1986-2011. Economic barriers are only one of the obstacles that restrict access to research findings. Paradoxically, although huge economic investments are made by the institutions to enable the academic community to do research, much of the scientific literature is actually inaccessible. Jon Tennant remarks: "we spend 1/3 of the total global research budget (£59/175bn) in publishing and communicating results that 99% of people cannot access".

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Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: M.U.S. - Miscellanea > Articoli
Depositing User: Mr Nunzio Femminò
Date Deposited: 27 Aug 2018 07:27
Last Modified: 26 Feb 2019 16:11

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