Immaginari dell’emergenza ambientale a Taranto: la mediazione visuale degli effetti dell’inquinamento tra local/artist engagement e movimenti per la giustizia ambientale

Antonella d’Autilia

Abstract


Imaginaries of the environmental emergency in Taranto: the visual mediation of the effects of pollution between local artist engagement and movements for environmental justice.


Building on Gilbert Durand's (1991) contribution to general archetypology, this essay aims to analyze some visual representations derived from local public/artist engagement in the case of the former ILVA steel plant in Taranto. The starting point is the notion that breathing is the bodily reflex that contributes to shaping, more than others, the structure of the ecological imaginary of movements for environmental justice. Drawing upon certain formulations from the Russian reflexology school, Durand distinguishes three dominant reflexes as matrixes of the compositional organization of human symbolization. We will thus postulate the existence of a fourth reflexive dominant: the respiratory dominant as the basis for the symbolic ontogenesis of the iconography of Taranto's eco-activism. Here, the osmotic relationship between respiratory function and perceptual experience in a highly toxic environment has emerged as a factory of symbols, archetypes, and signs that tend towards substantial dynamism and variability and towards a progressive integration with empirical elements


Keywords


Local Public Engagement | Ecological Movements | Structures of the Imaginary | Symbols | Environmental Aesthetic

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adey P. (2014), Air, London, Reaktion.

Attimonelli C. (2017), “Breve iconografia del cuore e del teschio”, Varchi Rivista, 17: 23-8.

Bachelard G. (1943), L’air et les songes. Essai sur l’imagination du mouvement, Paris, Editions Corti.

Bagetto L. (2016), Convenerunt in unum. Rompere lo specchio del riconoscimento politico, in Lingua, G.; Racca S. (eds), La cornice simbolica del legame sociale. Prospettive sugli immaginari contemporanei, Milano, Mimesis, 47-59.

Balzola A., Rosa P. (2011), L’arte fuori di sé. Un manifesto per l’età post-tecnologica, Milano, Feltrinelli.

Beck U. (2000), La società del rischio, Roma, Carocci.

Boia L. (2005), The weather in the imagination, London, Reaktion Books.

Calefato P. (2021), La moda e il corpo. Teorie, concetti, prospettive critiche, Roma, Carocci.

Cassirer E. (1977), Storia della filosofia moderna. L’empirismo e Newton, Roma, Newton Compton.

Castoriadis C. (2022), L’istituzione immaginaria della società, Mimesis, Milano.

Connor S. (2010), The Matter of Air: Science and the Art of the Ethereal, London, Reaktion.

Cazzato L. C., D’Autilia A. (2020), “Colonizzazione ambientale, defuturing capitalocenico e pratiche eco-artistiche decoloniali a sud. Il ‘caso Taranto’ ”, Il Tolomeo, 22: 51-70.

Diaconu M. (2017), Singing (in Several Voices) in the (Same) Rain: Cultural Symbols and Cognition in the Aesthetics of Weather, in Majetschak S., Weiberg A. (eds), Aesthetics Today: Contemporary Approaches to the Aesthetics of Nature and of Arts: Proceedings of the 39th International Wittgenstein Symposium, Berlin and Boston, De Gruyter, 51-67.

Dumezil G. (1940), Mitra Varuna. Essai sur deux représentations indo-europénnes de la Souveraineité, Paris, P.U.F.

Durand G. (1964), L'imagination symbolique, Paris, Presses Universitaires de France.

Durand G. (1991), Le strutture antropologiche dell’immaginario. Introduzione all’archetipologia generale, Bari, Dedalo.

Eliade M. (2018), Il mito dell’eterno ritorno: archetipi e ripetizioni, Torino, Lindau.

Gasti F. (2018), “L’immagine della fenice fra “scienza” e simbologia antica”, Erudito Antiqua, 10: 1-23.

Geertz C. (1998), Interpretazione di culture, Bologna, il Mulino.

Giglioli D. (2008), “Archetipo e sopravvivenza. Due modelli per lo studio dell’immaginario”, Allegoria, XX (58): 49-60.

Graham J. (2009), Sea change: Poems, New York, Harper Collins.

Hering E., Breuer J. (1868), Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften Mathematisch Naturwissenschaftliche Classe, Wien.

Khin H. M. (2020), “A study of Hindu concepts about gods and goddess”, Dagon University Research Journal, 11: 58-64.

Maffesoli M. (2005), Note sulla postmodernità, Milano, Lupetti.

Maffesoli M. (2023), Il tesoro nascosto. Lettera aperta ai Massoni e alla società postmoderna, Roma, Armando.

Marinelli G. (2008), “L’Italsider a Taranto. Gli artisti e la grande industria, 1960-1974, Kronos, 4(1).

Marinelli G. (2012), Taranto fa l'amore a senso unico: esperienze artistiche nei primi anni dell’Italsider, (1960-1975), Lecce, Argo.

Marzo P. L. (2019), La natura immaginaria del sociale: un percorso morfologico in Marzo P. L., Mori L. (eds), Le vie sociali dell’immaginario. Per una sociologia del profondo, Milano, Mimesis, 27-55.

Mbembe A., Shread C. (2021), “The universal right to breathe”, Critical Inquiry, 47(S2): S58-S62.

Michelsen A., Tygstrup F. (2015), Socioaesthetics: Ambience – Imaginary, Leiden, Brill.

Moore J.W. (2017), Antropocene o Capitalocene? Scenari di ecologia-mondo nella crisi planetaria, Verona, Ombre Corte.

Nortrhop Frye H. (1969), Anatomia della critica, Torino, Einaudi.

Nortrhop Frye H. (1973), Favole d’identità, Torino, Einaudi.

Parsons T. (1979), “Religious and economic symbolism in the Western world”, Sociological inquiry, 49.2‐3: 1-48.

Pierron J.P. (2012), Les Puissances de l’imagination: essai sur la Fonction Ethique de l’Imagination, Paris, Cerf.

Povinelli E. A. (2021), Between Gaia and Ground: Four Axioms of Existence and the Ancestral Catastrophe of Late Liberalism, Durham, Duke University Press.

Ubac R. (1942), “Le contre-espace”, Messages, cahiers I.

Zipes J. (2013), Unfanthomable Baba Yagas in Forrester S., Goscilo H., Skoro M. (eds), Baba Yaga: The Wild Witch of the East in Russian Fairy Tales, University of Mississippi Press, Jackson, VII-XII.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.7413/2281813819582

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Im@go. A Journal of the Social Imaginary - Biannual - Edizioni Mimesis