Breastfeeding practices and BED: the quality of the role of Mother-Child bonding process in the Italian context

Giulia Riccio


Background: Following a careful revision of the literature, this study wants to analyse the clinical relationship between early feeding patterns (especially breastfeeding), and a subsequent development of an eating disorder (especially binge eating disorder). This peculiar clinical picture arouses attention because it is considered as a widespread psychopathological modality in our current time, a time in which psychopathology is increasingly impressed on the body. Aim of this study is to highlight the relational dynamics that are considered to be of fundamental importance to the early ways of feeding to determine the concept of the limit of the body. These relational dynamics refer to the notion of attachment with all that implies.

 Methods: For this purpose, 40 articles were selected in which the topics discussed refer to maternal attitudes towards breastfeeding and their influence on infant development, the impact of attachment patterns on the development of eating disorders. The research and electronic literature databases searched include PubMed, PsycINFO and PsycARTICLES.

Results: Now, on the one hand there are the ways of relating, the attachment process, and their concrete expression in the first feeding patterns, on the other hand there is the persistent emergence of a particular clinical picture and the binge eating disorder, in which the above-mentioned dynamics are altered.

Conclusions: This work shows that the relation of the attachment is the main element of connection between premature eating dysfunction practices and the willingness to develop a binge eating disorder.

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