Family Functioning, Basic Needs and Psychological Well-Being

Marzia Nocito, Erika Malaponte, Emanuela Malara, Rocco Mancuso, Giorgia Martina Mandica, Alessandra Mangone, Maria Marafiori, Martina Mento, Antonietta Mezzopane, Alessia Mondi, Alessandro Morganti, Denise Musarra, Chantal Muschio, Ester Musumeci, Alessia Niosi, Benedetta Occhipinti, Gisella Pacino, Laura Pandolfino, Esmeralda Pantò, Gloria Parafioriti, Gabriele Passalacqua, Ippolita Caterina Patera, Erika Patti, Giada Pavone, Aurora Perri, Sofia Petruzzello, Irene Pirrello, Maria Ponsù, Michela Ponzio, Vincenza Praticò, Marta Pruiti, Giusy Raineri, Francesca Stefania Repaci, Giovanni Restuccia


Background: The influence of parenting strategies and family functioning was extensively analysed in the study of the healthy development of adolescents. Self-determination theory expands this study by suggesting that at the basis of an optimal development there is the satisfaction of basic psychological needs. The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between family functioning and some related variables, such as intrinsic motivation, basic psychological needs, well-being and parental educational practices.
Methods: 140 parents with their 70 teenagers took part to this research. For each of the variables to be investigated, specific self-reports were administered.
Results: Results found that adolescent self-perceived well-being was related to supportive parental practices and to a better family functioning. Furthermore, basic psychological needs have been found fundamental for the well-being both in parents than in adolescents.
Conclusions: The strength of this study lies in having considered family units, investigating the same variables in both parents and children, and finding satisfaction of basic psychological needs to be related to positive well-being outcomes across generations. The practical implications of these findings are discussed.

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