Interplay between COVID-19 outbreak and Psychological Maladjustment: a brief overview

Paolo Soraci, Fulvia Lagattolla, Grazia Parente, Eleonora Guaitoli, Daniela Chiodi, Roberta Cimaglia, Carla Nesci, Moni Barreca, Catia Ascanio


Background: Coronavirus seems to be affecting mental health of many people, especially among healthcare workers. Recent studies show an increase in discomfort, anxiety and depression. Preventive action turns to be necessary as to reduce the risk of suicide during COVID-19 crisis, to decrease stress, fear, anxiety and loneliness and this should be favoured by social media campaigns aimed at promoting mental health and reduce discomfort.
Methods: This study used the following method as inclusion and exclusion criteria: 1) searched for published articles relevant to the treated topic; 2) used the most recent studies in the literature; 3) used articles in both Italian and English languages; 4) articles which were not reviewed by scientific journals or official government sites were excluded; 5) the main search engines used were Google Scholar, PubMed; 6) the keywords used are COVID-19, Suicide, Psychology.
Results: As a result of COVID-19 and subsequent global pandemic, various psychological problems and important mental health consequences have emerged including stress, anxiety, depression, frustration, suicidal behaviors and economic uncertainty.
Conclusions: Basic mental health services, integrated with primary outpatient care, can help to reduce risk and minimize the harmful psychological effects caused by the COVID-19 crisis; screening for anxiety, depression and suicidal feelings could be done in this way.

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