Perception of subjective time and Affective temperament in patients with depressive disorders

Maria Catena Silvestri, Chiara Zappone, Clara Lombardo, Irene Pagano Dritto, Massimo Agnoletti, Carmela Mento


Background: The perception of time passing depends on various variables such as the age, culture, relationships, and emotions of each human being. During Covid-19 outbreak, the perception of time was altered by a variety of variables: objective such as, Lockdown, vaccine, fear of infections, etc. and subjective, for example, temperament and personality traits. As showed by previous studies, patients with depressive disorder have a compromised evaluation of time. In light of this, the objectives of this study were to explore the possible correlation between the perception of time, the affective temperament and the fear of covid-19 infection in patients with depressive disorders.
Method: We studied 70 patients, through Preliminary personal data sheet dedicated to the collection of socio-demographic and clinical data and information about any previous Covid-19 infection and any vaccination. The psychological instruments regard Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (ZTPI); Irritability, Depression, Anxiety Scale (IDAS); Temperament Evaluation of Memphis (TEMPS-A); Fear of Covid-19 Scale (FCV-19S).
Results: The results of this study showed that anxious temperament correlates negatively with the hyperthymic temperament, and anxious temperament correlates negatively in women with the irritable temperament. There are not significant correlations in relation to the fear of Covid-19 infection.
Conclusion: In conclusion emerged a strong relationship between the attitude towards a temporal perceptual typology and the affective humoral temperament.

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