The Mitigation of Avoidant Personality Disorder by dint of Self Esteem and Social Anxiety among Stutterers

Israr Muhammad, Hayat Muhammad, Romaisa Jaffar


Background: Stuttering is a speech disorder that causes repeated speech problems that make it hard to communicate. It has adverse effects on a stutterer’s self-esteem and personality. This study looked at a personality disorder called "avoidant personality disorder." This is a pattern of avoiding social situations, feeling like you're not good enough, and being overly sensitive to criticism (APA, 2013, p. 662). The purpose of this research was to examine the influence of self-esteem and social anxiety as predictors of avoidant personality disorder in people who stammer.
Methods: In this research, 100 persons between the ages of 18 and 30 who stammer participated. The respondents completed the Personality Diagnostic Questionnaire-4, the Rosenberg Self Esteem Scale, and the Social Anxiety Interaction Scale.
Results: In results, it was revealed that self-esteem negatively predicted avoidant personality disorder. However, social anxiety positively predicted avoidant personality disorder. Self-esteem has found to have a negative relationship with social anxiety and avoidant personality disorder.
Conclusions: The study is an important addition to the existing body of knowledge on the role of self-esteem and social anxiety in the prediction and mitigation of avoidant personality disorder among stutterers.

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