Self-employment and Entrepreneurship for Youngs and Adults with Neurodevelopmental or Psychiatric Disorders: a Systematic Review

Silvia Iacomini, Luca Vascelli, Federica Berardo, Francesca Cavallini, Anna Dipace


Background: Self-employment and entrepreneurship are growing realities and represent a valid employment option for people with disabilities. Indeed, such strategies promote independence and reduce employment disparities, encourage innovative proposals, and create new jobs.
Methods: This paper provides an overview of self-employment and entrepreneurship for young and adults with neurodevelopmental or psychiatric disorders to support mental health professionals, employment support service providers, and transition educators. To fulfil this intention, we conducted a systematic review using the criteria of the PRISMA statement to examine the literature's scientific contributions up to 2021. We focused on entrepreneurship motivations, entrepreneurship education, associated clinical features, and barriers experienced. We also explored the support needed to start a business and the associated employment outcomes for the target population of this review.
Results: Self-employment and entrepreneurship can empower people with disabilities to mark the community through social and economic participation. Therefore, it is essential to develop evidence-based acceptable practices for entrepreneurship and self-employment for people with neurodevelopmental or psychiatric disorders.
Conclusions: If entrepreneurship and self-employment can become effective employment strategies, it is crucial to consider this population's experiences in developing employment programs and policies for people with disabilities.

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