Negative Emotions in Irritable Bowel Sindrome: which differences among IBS Subtypes?

Antonio Bruno, Rocco Antonio Zoccali, Gianluca Pandolfo, Giovanni Genovese, Marzia Merlino, Walter Fries, Carmela Morace, Pierluigi Consolo, Carmela Mento, Maria Rosaria Anna Muscatello

Abstract


There are conflicting data on peculiar negative emotional patterns in Irritable Bowel Syndrome subtypes.  Our study was aimed to determine possible differences in depression, anxiety and anger in patients suffering from Irritable Bowel Syndromeconstipation, diarrhoea and mixed subtypes. The sample underwent a psychometric examination for the assessment of depression (Hamilton Rating Scale Depression), anxiety (Hamilton Rating Scale Anxiety), and anger (State-Trait Anger Expression Scale 2). Differences among groups were assessed using the Analysis of variance with Bonferroni post hoc comparisons, or the χ²-test if requested.


111 subjects (diarrhoea subtype =37; constipation subtype=34; mixed subtype=40) were included in the study. The severity of depressive symptoms was “moderate” in patients with constipationsubtype and “mild” in patients with diarrhoea and mixed subtypes (17.15±6.7 vs 14.24±6.6 vs 12.50±4.9); no statistically significant differences were documented among subtypes. Severity of anxiety symptoms was “mild to moderate” in patients with constipation subtype (mean = 18.53 ± 7.7), and mild in patients with diarrhoea (mean = 13.35 ± 7.1) and mixed subtypes (mean = 13.25 ± 4.7); statistically significant differences among subgroups were found (Constipation vs Diarrhoea: p=0.004; Constipation vs Mixed: p=0.003). Regarding anger, significant differences among subgroups emerged at State Anger Feeling Angry and Anger In variables, both higher in constipation subtype group than in mixedsubtype group (State Anger Feeling Angry: p=0.002; Anger In: p=0.001). Patients with constipation subtypeconstitute a subgroup characterized by a discrete burden of negative emotions, mainly anxiety and anger.


Keywords


Anger; Anxiety; Depression; Irritable Bowel Syndrome subtype; Negative emotions

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.6092/2282-1619/2018.6.1730

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