The theory of mind among deaf children: a review of the Theoretical Foundations

Mohammad Tahan, Parisa Tajali, Masume Kalantari


The ability to understand that others have mental states such as thoughts, tendencies, and beliefs that can be different from one's own mental state or reality is called the "theory of mind". In this article, we will first try to explain the theoretical foundations of what is now known as the theory of mind, and then, by reviewing research published on the development of the theory of mind in deaf children, we seek to research the theory of mind about hearing impaired children. Some theorists believe that the growth of the theory of mind is dependent on linguistic experience, in contrast to theorists who believe that the growth of the theory of mind is related to an executive function. Some researches have shown that latent deafness has succeeded in achieving mental theory. On the other hand, studies have shown that there is no delay in the theory of the minds of deaf children.

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